Sustainable Development
General Assembly

Committee Description:

The General Assembly is part of the six principal organs in the United Nations discussing subjects regarding international peace and security, development, disarmament, human rights, international law, and the world’s most vexing issues.

Topic A: Economic Development in Less Economically Developed Countries post Covid 

Statement of Problem:

It has been 2 years since the start of the COVID-19 outbreak. While developed countries have seen progress through vaccinations and have bounced back economically. However, many countries have continued to struggle. Due to slow vaccine rollouts and a large population in poverty, many developing countries do not have the resources to counteract the great damage to their economies.

History/Past UN Action:

“COVID-19 Response and Recovery Fund” April 2020

Latest Developments:

85,088,194 $ raised in the fund currently 

Problems a Resolution Should Suggest/Possible Actions:

That welfare for unemployed workers in developing nations must rise, some estimates from the World Bank state that less developed states were only paying 6$ per worker and middle-income states only 25$. Unemployment has driven these countries down even further. The proportion of the population which is under the poverty line in less economically developed countries has risen due to the pandemic. 

Questions to Consider

  • What are the long-term effects that the pandemic will throw upon education in LEDC’s.  

  • Do MEDC’s have an obligation to send aid to countries that have not recovered yet? 

  • Should states share their experiences of handling the pandemic with one another? 

Topic B: Innovations in Medical Technology 

Statement of Problem:

Vaccine equity, developed nations have access to the Covid –19 vaccine, but many countries have not successfully rolled out vaccinations. Vaccine equity means that all people have the right to the Covid vaccine. WHO set a goal for 70% of every country’s population to be vaccinated by mid 2022. At the current rate this goal will not be met, millions of people are vulnerable and developing countries will be left to deal with possible future lockdowns if efforts to rollout vaccines are unsuccessful 

History/Past UN Action:

The UN released a report that only .2 percent of all vaccinations took place in low-income countries. April 9, 2021

Latest Developments:

Vaccination rollouts in low-income countries planed for 2022 and 2023, but these efforts may take longer. The main problem is that producing covid vaccines only occur in a few countries and exporting vaccines to the rest of the world will need logistical planning as well as planning for reaching rural communities. 

Problems a Resolution Should Suggest/Possible Actions:

A faster and more effective vaccine strategy and raised funds to allow poorer nations some defense against covid. Expanding vaccine production so that the logistics of transporting vaccines wouldn’t be so difficult. 

Questions to Consider:

  • Are vaccination rollouts the only option to fight covid in developing nations? 

  • Where else could vaccines be produced to make exporting vaccines easier logistically? 

Topic C: COVID-19 impact on Climate Change

Statement of Problem:

Throughout the pandemic, CO2 emissions have increased substantially. Transportation and an abundant use of plastics has created greater pollution in the air and in our seas, making the fight against climate change more desperate.  

History/Past UN Action:

The Paris Climate Agreement of 2015 made most countries across the world sign the agreement to fight climate change. The UNFCCC has been at the forefront fighting climate change. 

Latest Developments:

COP26 “Reaffirms the Paris Agreement temperature goal of holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 C above pre-industrial levels”

Problems a Resolution Should Suggest/Possible Actions:

Reconsider and compare life pre- and post-COVID-19, and the potential reasons for climate change’s deceleration. Then, based on the reasons discussed, search for regulations and restrictions to halt climate change, and employ the restrictions and regulations, slowly but surely.

Questions to Consider:

  • How has the pandemic sped up climate change?  

  • How can countries do to fight climate change today? 

  • How can countries co-operate in the fight against climate change? 

  • How much research must be further conducted? 

Topic D: Food Security During and After COVID-19

Statement of Problem:

During COVID-19, food security has been stable in developed countries. However, developing countries were affected severely. With a lack of financial and governmental stability, food insecurity persists as a constant threat to LEDC’s. 

History/Past UN Action:

WFP, WB, GAFSP, and IDA support of local producers and farmers in developing countries.

Latest Developments:

Emergency action plans in developing countries developed and being enforced jointly with the WFP and World Bank

Problems a Resolution Should Suggest/Possible Actions:

Further promotion and support of local producers and cooperation with local food banks to prevent starvation. 

Questions to Consider:

  • How can countries combat world hunger? At what cost would they be able to do so? 

  • What long-term plans can be constructed to minimize food insecurity? 

  • Do political situations interfere with food security? If so, how can this be halted?