Equality

ECOSOC Committee

Committee Description:

The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is one of the main six parts of the United Nations. It was created to advance three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental. It is a central platform for fostering debate and innovative thinking, forging consensus on ways forward, and coordinating efforts to achieve internationally agreed goals.

Topic A: MEDC’s Strict Regulations over LEDC’s imports

Statement of Problem:

The essential problem is that many MDC’s have strict regulations for importing goods

from LDC’s. The problem also comes with the issue that DFQF’s (Duty Free and Quota Free) access has been limited to LDC’s. The goods that were imported from 1996 to 2010 into MDC’s have risen only by 2.8 %. From 77.6% to 80.4% throughout a period of 14 years. Countries like the US only have 36% of their imports coming from LDC’s as DFQT’s.

History/ Past UN Action:

  • “Trade Initiative for LDC’s” No.24 November 1997.

Latest Developments:

Many MDC’s provide high duty taxes for goods and services that are not

DFQF’s. This creates issues such as smaller economic development of LDC’s and, hence have big rates

of their population living in poverty. Slow growth of imports from LDC’s to MDC’s.

Possible Actions:

Possible actions could be new treaties that could build on “Trade Initiative for

LDC’s” so that there would be an increase in imports for LDC’s goods and services and cause quicker

development of LDC’s.

Questions to Consider

What issues do LDC enterprises face when trying to export their goods and services to MDC’s?

Works Cited

  • “Limited Progress in Market Access for LDCs | LDC Portal.” United Nations, United Nations, www.un.org/ldcportal/limited-progress-in-market-access-for-ldcs/.

  • “The Preference Utilization Rate of EU Free Trade Agreements.” The Preference Utilization Rate of EU Free Trade Agreements, english.bdi.eu/article/news/the-preference-utilization-rate-of-eu-free-trade-agreements/.

Topic B: Effects of Trade Wars

Statement of Problem:

Trade wars caused due to political tension, like the one continuing between China and

the US have created issues for enterprises of all sizes, which depend on the other countries in some sort of step along with the implementation of the good or service. Increased tariffs amongst the US and the European Union, which has made goods and services more expensive

History/Past UN Actions

Since 1995 the World Trade Organization has created a multilateral way of combating trade disputes and trade war and have settled over 500 disputes across the world.

Latest Developments:

Recent Developments have led to the US blocking the WTO from hiring

members that review and combat trade wars. This has erased the only possible international referee from regulating and diminishing the trade war between the two dominant countries. The removal of the effective WTO system could result in an even tenser trade wars amongst countries worldwide.

Possible Actions:

Discussing and coming to an agreement on more flexible trade. Lowering tariffs. Waiting for the political tension to cool down.

Questions to Consider

  • What are the effects on companies that operate in countries which are in trade wars between themselves?

  • How have trade wars impacted none participating countries?

  • What can be done to slow down and eventually eradicate trade wars in the future?

Works Cited

Topic C: Mobilizing Financial Resources for Developing Countries for Sustainable Development

Statement of Problem:

It’s not possible for many developing countries to achieve sustainable development goals because of their limited economic resources. Basic necessities such as education, healthcare, clean water, and food are all limitations that many developing countries are not able to attain. In addition, these countries don’t have the financial infrastructure to create new programs addressing the SDGs (sustainable

development goals).

History/Past UN Action:

  • Addis Ababa Action Agenda

  • The 2030 agenda for sustainable development

  • The Paris Agreement

Latest Developments:

  • The Addis Ababa Action Agenda provides a set of policy actions by Member States, with a package of over 100 concrete measures to finance sustainable development, transform the global economy and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.

Problems a Resolution Should Suggest/Possible Actions:

  • Set goals on development of financial infrastructure in developing countries with aid to achieve this goal.

Questions to Consider:

  • How realistic is the 2030 agenda for sustainable development?

  • What countries have achieved what SDGs?

  • Are the agendas/action set in place effective?

  • Should there be regulations on achievement of sustainable development?

Important Research Links: