Equality

UNSC Committee

Committee Description:

The Security Council is a division under the United Nations Charter. The primary goal of the Security Council is to maintain international peace and security. To be precise, the Security Council most commonly decides whether deploying UN peace operations is acceptable in a situation.

Topic A: Covid-19 threatening global peace and security

Statement of Problem:

While the COVID-19 pandemic is first and foremost a health crisis, its implications are more far-

reaching and could threaten global peace and security, the UN Secretary-General told members of the Security Council in a closed video-conference held on Thursday.

History/Past UN Action:

This topic is too new for UN to take any actions, Antonia Guterres states that if the Security Council makes as much as an announcement, “[it would count for a lot at this anxious time]”.

Latest Developments:

More of an anti-development, but the United States has anti-lockdown protests, which is a threat to peace and a potential threat to security.

Problems a Resolution Should Suggest/Possible Actions:

Propose concrete policies that all members must follow Ethnic cleansing is not illegal under international law, so countries that do ethnic cleansing can find excuses out of it, so revision must be made to the policies in the International Law to stop ethnic cleansing from happening.

Questions to Consider

  • What other non-economic problems could this pandemic potentially bring?

Works Cited

Topic B: The ongoing war in Yemen mixed with a global pandemic

Statement of Problem:

With the COVID-19 pandemic threatening to deepen suffering in Yemen, now is the time for rival

parties to commit to ending their conflict, UN Special Envoy Martin Griffiths told the Security Council on Thursday, during an informal meeting via videoconference.

History/Past UN Action:

During the first half of 2019, the General Secretary held published multiple reports on the resolutions regarding this issue and their effects such as reports that resulted from resolutions 2451 and 2216.

Latest Developments:

Yemen Government troops are backed by a Saudi-led coalition, which on 8 April announced a

unilateral ceasefire for an initial two-week period, following an appeal by the UN Secretary-General.

Problems a Resolution Should Suggest/Possible Actions:

In resolution 2451, voted on in 2018, and resolution, 2216, voted on in 2015, it reaffirms that the only way this conflict could come to an end is by political negotiations. However, since neither side is willing to initiate these peaceful negotiations, other countries should provide assistance in doing so, Sweden was one of the first on that list.

Questions to Consider:

  • If a cease-fire happens during the Covid-19 pandemic, how could this time be used to find a full-time solution to the war?

Works Cited:

Topic C: Pakistan and Afghanistan tensions

Statement of Problem:

Initially, Afghanistan did not want to tie in the UNSC; however, after Pakistan took hostility to a new level, Afghanistan complained to the UNSC.

History/Past UN Action:

In the year 2000, the Taliban ignored duriect UNSC orders clearly stated in resolution 1267 voted on in 1999. Numerous briefings and meetings on this issue during the first half of 2020 and the last half of 2019, will most likely vote on a newly refined resolution at the end of 2020 or beginning of 2021.

Latest Developments:

Briefings and meetings during first half of 2020. Adopted a unanimous resolution on 17 September, 2019.

Problems a Resolution Should Suggest/Possible Actions:

Multiple nations stated that the root of the issue is the lack of modernization in Pakistan; due to this, the nations offered to assist Pakistan in developments such as basic infastructure in order to stabilize the issue.

Questions to Consider:

  • Is lack of basic modernization such as infastructure truly the root of the issue?

Works Cited:

  • “Afghanistan Complains to UNSC about Pakistan’s Crossing Line Aggression.” Afghanistan Times, Afghanistantimes.af, afghanistantimes.af/afghanistan-complains-to-unsc-about-pakistans-crossing-line-aggression/.

  • “UN Documents for Afghanistan.” Security Council Report, Securitycouncilreport.org, www.securitycouncilreport.org/un-documents/afghanistan/.

  • “U.N. Security Council Resolution on the Taliban.” Federation of American Scientists, Fas.org, fas.org/irp/news/2000/12/irp-001211-untaleban.htm.

  • “Security Council Resolution 2489.” United Nations Security Council, Unscr.com, unscr.com/en/resolutions/2489.